Drug Nomenclature

Stem (in (hindi )and [hinglish] ) Drug class Example
-vir ( वी-र -म ) [ ƋEZ ] Antiviral drug[2] aciclovir
-cillin (सिल्लि-न ) [ ƵMMƚ ] Penicillin-derived antibiotics penicillin, carbenicillin, oxacillin
cef- (सेफ ) [ ƵԳ] Cephem-type antibiotics cefazolin
-mab (मॉ-ब )  [ ժØ] Monoclonal antibodies[2] trastuzumab, ipilimumab
-ximab (मॉ-ब ) [ ժØ] Chimeric antibody that responds to more than one antigen[2] infliximab
-zumab (मॉ-ब ) [ ժØ] humanized antibody[9] natalizumab, bevacizumab
-tinib (तिनि-ब ) [ Ø] Tyrosine-kinase inhibitors[2] erlotinib, crizotinib
-vastatin (वस्ता-ति-न ) [ƋƵ] HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor[2] atorvastatin
-prazole (प्रा-ज़ो-ल) [qzJOM] Proton-pump inhibitor[2] omeprazole
-lukast (लु-का-स्त ) Leukotriene receptor antagonists[2] zafirlukast, montelukast
-grel- ( Platelet aggregation inhibitor clopidogrel, ticagrelor
-axine (ऑक्सीन ) Dopamine and serotonin–norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor[2] venlafaxine
-olol (ओलोल ) Beta-blockers metoprolol, atenolol
-oxetine (ऑक्स – न Antidepressant related to fluoxetine[2] duloxetine, reboxetine
-sartan (सार्टन Angiotensin receptor antagonists[2] losartan, valsartan
-pril (प्रिल ) Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor[2] captopril, lisinopril
-oxacin (ऑक्ससिन ) Quinolone-derived antibiotics levofloxacin, moxifloxacin
-barb- Barbiturates Phenobarbital, secobarbital
-xaban (क्साबन [ XIØIƚ  ] Direct Xa inhibitor apixaban, rivaroxaban
-afil [ ] Inhibitor of PDE5 with vasodilator action sildenafil, tadalafil
-prost- [ ] Prostaglandin analogue latanoprost, unoprostone
-ine  [ ] chemical substance atropine, quinine
-parib [ ] PARP inhibitor olaparib, veliparib
-tide [ ] Peptides and glycopeptides Nesiritide, Octreotide
-vec Gene Therapy vectors Alipogene tiparvovec

 

most common endings are (in hinglish and english and hindi

B – ब – Ø  = endings for monoclonal antibodies , PARP inhibitors

D – ड  – S  =  amide and peptides drugs endings

L  – ल   – M  = platelet, proton pump inhibitors , beta blockers ,sildenafil,enalapril (ACE inhibitors ) , alcohol functional group suffix , aldehydes functional group suffix ,

M – म  – ժ = ammonium compounds,

N –  न   –  ƚ  = HMGco-a reductase inhibitors , atropin , dopamine and serotonin reuptake inhibitors ,antidepressants , pencillin , halothane, inhalational anaesthetics (sevoflurane,desflurane), ketamine , local anaesthetics (bupivacine,lignocaine) ,cholinergic agonists (methacholine) , aminoglycosides antibiotics (mycin) , fluoroquinolones (ofloxacin) , tetracycline (, losartan (angiotensin receptor blockers) spirinolactone , lepirudin(thrombin inhibitors )  , xaban (factor xa inhibitors – blood clot)

R – vir,

T – montelukast , prostaglandin analogues (latanoprost) ,

 

 

COMMON PREFIX IN PHARMACOLOGY

Cef –

 

MNEMONICS ———–

VIRUS —- VIR
AB = short cut for antibody
vasa in hindi meaning fat
pr – pr
leuk – leuk
grel – aggregation
ol – beta blockers 
oxet = sounds similar to anxiety
sartan = tension (sounds similar)
pril = praise = ACE 

Chilling = selagiline
similing = imipramine
cef = shifa
prost = latanoprost
cycline = tetracycline,demeclocycline

xaban = factor xa inhibitors
inhale = halothane,isoflurane,desflurane
locale = lidocaine (local anaesthetics )

metformin = formica(ant) +

glita = sugar glitters

stigmine =

parin = low molecular weight heparin related enoxaparin

cortisone = corticosteroids ,dexamethanose,fludrocortisone ,

clonazepam = benzodiazepines ,

oxacin = ox + sin

mycin = my + cin

setron – odansetron (serotonin )
triptan – sumatriptan