DESCRIPTORS

COLOR GREEK ROOT IN ENGLISH LATIN ROOT IN ENGLISH HINDI chinese
black melan- atr-, nigr- काला hei(se)黑色 (black)
blue cyan- cerule- नीला lan(se)蓝色 (blue)
gold chrys- aur- सुनेहरा
gray, grey poli- can-
green chlor- vir- हरा lu(se)绿色 (green)
purple porphyr- purpur-, purpureo- zi(se)紫色 (purple)
red erythr-, rhod- rub-, rubr-, ruf- लाल hong(se)红色 (red)
red-orange cirrh- नारंगी cheng(se)橙色 (orange)
silver argent- चांदी
white leuc-, leuk- alb-, cand- सफ़ेद bai(se)白色 (white)
yellow xanth- flav- पीला huang(se)黄色 (yellow)
DESCRIPTION GREEK ROOT IN ENGLISH LATIN ROOT IN ENGLISH OTHER ROOT CHINESE
bad, incorrect cac-, dys- mal- बुरा, गलत 不好,不对 Bù hǎo, bùduì
bent, crooked ankyl- prav- झुका हुआ, टेढ़ा 弯曲,弯曲 wānqū, wānqū
big mega-, megal(o)- magn(i)- बड़े
biggest megist- maxim- सबसे बड़ी 最大 zuìdà
broad, wide eury- lat(i)- चौड़ा, चौड़ा 广泛,广泛 guǎngfàn, guǎngfàn
cold cry(o)- frig(i)- सर्दी lěng
dead necr(o)- mort- मृत
equal is(o)- equ(i)- बराबरी का 等于 děngyú
false pseud(o)- fals(i)- असत्य jiǎ
female, feminine thely- स्त्री, स्त्री 女性,女性化 nǚxìng, nǚxìng huà
flat platy- plan(i)- समतल 平面 píngmiàn
good, well eu- ben(e)-, bon(i)- अच्छी ठीक है 不错嘛 bùcuò ma
great mega-, megal(o)- magn(i)- महान
hard scler(o)- dur(i)- कठिन yìng
heavy bar(o)- grav(i)- भारी zhòng
hollow coel(o)- cav(i)- खोखला 空洞 kōngdòng
huge megal(o)- magn(i)- विशाल 巨大 jùdà
incorrect, bad cac(o)-, dys- mal(e)- गलत, बुरा 不对,不好 bùduì, bù hǎo
irregular poikil(o) अनियमित 不规则 bù guīzé
large; extremely large mega- magn(i)- विशाल; बहुत ही बड़ा 大; 非常大 dà; fēicháng dà
largest megist- maxim- विशालतम 最大 zuìdà
long macr(o)- long(i)- लंबा zhǎng
male, masculine arseno- vir- पुरुष, पुल्लिंग 男性,男性化 nánxìng, nánxìng huà
narrow sten(o)- angust(i)- संकीर्ण 狭窄 xiázhǎi
new ne(o)- nov(i)- नया xīn
normal, correct orth(o)- rect(i)- सामान्य, सही 正常,正确 zhèngcháng, zhèngquè
old paleo- veter- पुराना jiù
sharp oxy- ac- तेज़ 尖锐 jiānruì
short brachy- brev(i)- कम duǎn
small micr(o)- parv(i)- (rare) छोटा xiǎo
smallest minim- सबसे छोटा 最少 zuìshǎo
slow brady- tard(i)- धीमा màn
fast tachy- celer- उपवास 快速 kuàisù
soft malac(o)- moll(i)- मुलायम 柔软的 róuruǎn de
straight orth(o)- rect(i)- सीधे 直行 zhíxíng
thick pachy- crass(i)- मोटा hòu
varied, various poikilo- vari- विविध, विभिन्न 各种各样的 gè zhǒng gè yàng de
well, good eu- ben(e)- बहुत अचछा 好吧,好 hǎo ba, hǎo
wide, broad eury- lat(i)- चौड़ी, चौड़ी 广泛的 guǎngfàn de

Roots of position[edit]

Description Greek root in English Latin root in English Other root
around, surrounding peri- circum- परि
left levo- laev-, sinistr-
middle mes- medi-
right dexi- dextr-

Prefixes of quantity or amount[edit]

Description Greek root in English Latin root in English Other root
double diplo- dupli-
equal iso- equi-
few oligo- pauci-
half hemi- semi- demi- (French)
many, much poly- multi-
twice dis- bis-

small

big

red

blue

green

yellow

white

black

old

new

  1. Determiners and postdeterminers – articles, numerals and other limiters (e.g. three blind mice)
  2. Observation/opinion – limiter adjectives (e.g. a real hero, a perfect idiot) and adjectives subject to subjective measure (e.g. beautiful, interesting), or with a value (e.g. good, bad, costly)
  3. Size – adjectives denoting physical size (e.g. tiny, big, extensive)
  4. Age – adjectives denoting age (e.g., young, old, new, ancient, six-year-old)
  5. Shape – adjectives describing more detailed physical attributes than overall size (e.g. round, sharp, swollen)
  6. Colour – adjectives denoting colour (e.g. white, black, pale)
  7. Origin – denominal adjectives denoting source (e.g. French, volcanic, extraterrestrial)
  8. Material – denominal adjectives denoting what something is made of (e.g., woollen, metallic, wooden)
  9. Qualifier/purpose – final limiter, which sometimes forms part of the (compound) noun (e.g., rocking chair, hunting cabin, passenger car, book cover)

 

PREPOSITIONS

on

under

beneath

beside

infront

back

up

left

right

 

 

CONJUNCTIONS

 

ADVERBS

  • AWAY
  • NEAR