Numbers

uni – mono –

bi – di –

 

tri –

quadr –

penta –

hexa

hepta  =

octa  =

nona =

deca ,decem  =

  • 1 mono or uni एक yi
    2 di – or bi er
    3 tri त्रि san
    4 tetra or quadri चत्वारि , चतुर्थ si
    5 penta or quinta पञ्च wu
    6 hexa or sexta षट् liu
    7 hepta or septa or septem सप्त qi
    8 octa or octo अष्ट ba
    9 ennea or nona or novem नव jiu
    10 deca or decem दश shi
    11 hendeca एकादश
    12 dodeca द्वादशी
    13 triskaideca त्रयोदशी
    14 tetrakaideca चतुर्दशी
    15 pentakaideca
    16 hexakaideca
    17 heptakaideca
    18 octakaideca
    19 enneakaideca
    20 icosa विंशतिः
    24 icositetra
    30 triconta or triaconta
    40 tetraconta
    50 pentaconta
    60 hexeconta (or hexaconta)
    70 heptaconta
    80 octaconta
    90 enneaconta
    100 hecto or hecato

thousand 千 –

One eyed = uniocular  (ekambakam) 

two eyed = binocular (in dviyambakam)

three eyed = triocular (in hindi tryambakam ) 

bi + ped(legs ) = bipedal

milli + pedes (legs ) = millipedes

centi + pedes(legs) = centipedes

ARMS OR ANGLED  ——— ARM IS ALSO CALLED KR …

CHAKRA = CHA + KR (FOUR ARMS )

= BHUJA  (arm)

= DVIBHUJ (two arms )

= TRIBHUJ

= CHATURBHUJ

ANGLED SHAPES

= KON  (angle)

= TRIKON  (three angled )

= PANCHKON (five angled)

……. + logy(study or knowledge)  = …….logy

TO DESCRIBE THE NUMBER OF HEAD —————

single headed == monocephalic or monogeminus

double headed = bicephalic or digeminus

three headed = trigeminus or tricephalic

To describe the number of chapters

single chapter = ekadhyayi

two chapters = dvoadhyayi

eight chapters = asthadhyayi

TO DESCRIBE THE NUMBER OF FINGERS (DACTYL OR DIGIT)

polydactyly = multiple fingers

monodactyly = single finger

 

 

MATHEMATICAL ABSTRACT SHAPES

LINE =

CIRCLE  =

TRIANGLE = triosth (त्रयोस्थ ) situated at three sides

SQUARE =

PENTAGON =

HEXAGON =

RIGHT ANGLED OPEN SQUARE =

 

TO DESCRIBE 3D SHAPES WE HAVE TO DESCRIBE HEIGHT AND DENSITY

CUBE –

 

 

TO DESCRIBE DAYS —

Fortnight = 14 days of a month