RADICALS

A root (or root word) is a word that does not have a prefix in front of the word or a suffix at the end of the word.
The root word is the primary lexical unit of a word, and of a word family (this root is then called the base word),
which carries the most significant aspects of semantic content and cannot be reduced into smaller constituents.
Content words in nearly all languages contain, and may consist only of root morphemes.

In linguisticscontent words are words that name objects of reality and their qualities. They signify actual living things (dog, cat, etc.), family members (mother, father, sister, etc.), natural phenomena (snow, Sun, etc.) common actions (do, make, come, eat, etc.), characteristics (young, cold, dark, etc.), etc. They consist mostly of nounslexical verbs and adjectives, but certain adverbs can also be content words. They contrast with function words, which are words that have very little substantive meaning and primarily denote grammatical relationships between content words, such as prepositions (in, out, under, etc.), pronouns (I, you, he, who, etc.), conjunctions (and, but, till, as, etc.), etc.

morpheme is the smallest grammatical unit in a language..

MORPHEME + MORPHEME = IDEA

MORPHEME = INDEPEDENT IDEA

IDEOGRAM = WRITING

 

 

 

 

ROOT CAN BE A PREFIX ……………… ROOT + SUFFIX , ROOT + PREFIX

 

 

 

SINGLE STROKE

क॒॑ =  svarita “sounded” (grave accent, high falling pitch) … A mix of anudatta and udatta is called svarita

= chandra above and chandra below

कँ  = chandrabindu [ read as km – m svara)

कं = anusvara ( read as kn – n svara )

क़  = nukta ( read an )

कः = visarga (read as aha – h svara )

= visarga svarita

= visarga anudatta

= visarga udatta

 

丿 =

亠 =

亅 =

冖 =



厂 = PLANT

小 = small,tiny ,pretty
尸 = CORPSE
工 = WORK

手 搵 把 打 指 找 拍 搞 按 掛 搭
控 接 換 表 據 推 靚 据 掉 拉 排
批 提 攞 抱 替 手

中 忠 电 甴 虹 患 蠟 串 虫 螈 蚪

壘 罡 胃 罣 嬲 油 罥

 

來 木 才 本 光 東 查 枚 校 橫

 

手田 水口廿卜山戈人心曰尸木火土竹十大中 金女月弓一丕

不  正 王 三 元 亞 五 一 工 干 互 平 玉 亚 丽 云 厂  可  爾 需 耐 面 甭

 

崩 炭 峪

 

Single stroke + dot

single stroke + double dots

single stroke +

INDICATORS —

Arrows

一 – horizontal line or anudatta or hyphen or substraction (ideogram) or single arm 
丨 – vertical stroke or danda or stop or single arm 
丨丨 – double danda or full stop or double arms .. two arms separate 

> – greater than or dvibhuj
< – less than or dvibhuj
+ – chaturbhuj(four armed) or addition ideogram or “o” matra

× – multiplication sign or four armed

÷ – division ideogram
= 二 – sky and earth or equal
: – visarga or sent forth(discharge) or colon 
o – anusvara
口 – chaturasth or square
人 – three armed or tribhuj
千 –
冂 – triosth(situated on three sides with an opening)
凵 – triosth (situated on three sides with opened at up)

। = danda  (viram) –

॥ = double danda (poorna viram)

一 =  anudatta  – अनुदत्त   – [ “not raised” (unmarked, low pitch)]
丨 = udatta — उदत्त   [ “raised” (acute accent, high pitch)  ]
丶 = dot —-

 

0.2 ट ढ ठ द 匚 匸 凵 冂  囗 勹 厶 心 口门 亡 七  厂广 飞 n t u U v V h 

0.1 十丁下卜寸 小 个 小  一二三

0.0 上士工土 – reverse forms or with a horizontal

1.1 उ ऊ  弓 廴豸 馬 色  

1.2  आ अ औ ओ  

2.1  र forms यानि र के प्रकार

2.2  ख स य थ  石  已之乏乙与乞己弓子子 乙 己 了 Z z 

3.1 屮 巾  ल 山巾 山 山 出 雨 両  再 而 兩 m M wW 

3.2 幺 玄 糸 घ छ ध  E  द्य द्म Ǝ Ʒ Ǯ Ǝ̈  Ʃ̃  ।।।  

क्घ क्छ क्ध घ्क छ्क ध्क

घ्क घ्ख घ्ग घ्घ घ्च घ्छ घ्ज घ्झ घ्ञ घ्ट घ्ठ घ्ड घ्ढ घ्ण घ्त घ्थ घ्द घ्ध घ्न घ्प घ्फ घ्ब घ्भ घ्म घ्य घ्र घ्ल घ्व घ्श घ्ष घश घ्ह

छ्क छ्ख छ्ग छ्घ छ्ट छ्ढ छ्ध

ध्क ध्घ ध्भ ध्म ध्य ध्छ ध्स

द्ध द्घ द्य द्द

4.1 म भ 欠 =भ    廾 = म

4.2 ग गा गि गी गु गे  几 刀 竹 儿 穴 八 行 廾 斤 氏 舟 癶 गै गो गौ गँ गः 月  丌 几九儿刀刁力乃 八 川 ण 

5.1 ड़ ड  ई इ ह  S s ज्引

ज्亏

5.2 झ ज्ञ

6 .1 double box ब  बा बि 虫血曰 白自貝 耳 目臼貝頁 香  音 व् वे वा वो  曰 日  是 早 昊 旦 旻 巴 易 昘 旯 昍  b d g q D B A H 

ब्क ब्ख ब्ग ब्घ ब्च ब्छ ब्ज ब्झ ब्ट ब्ठ ब्ड ब्ढ ब्ण ब्त

ब्थ ब्द ब्ध ब्न ब्प ब्फ ब्ब ब्भ ब्म ब्य ब्र ब्ल ब्श ब्स ब्ह

व्क व्ख व्ग व्घ व्च व्छ व्ज व्ट व्ठ व्ड व्ढ

6.2  four  boxes 毋 車 黃 田 買 里 果 畕 男 眾 甲 畀 毘

6.3 mirror forms  問 間 開 閃 閒閂

7.1 क  干 牛 干千于于

7.2 上士工土 – reverse forms or with a horizontal line 

7.3  त 人 犬 火 头 乐 买 实 卖 见 方 力 勞 劳 労 売 尢 无 兎 見  赤 実 矢  水 木 米 禾 巣 薬 来 耒 体医  铁 鉄 牙 矛习 才 क्त क्ल  प्र क्र  फ 沢 尺 

7.4 प पा पि पी  夕 歹 父 爻 又 文 戈 支 攴 皮 殳

卫尸 ए ऐ  >>> 

8.1 श्व श्र श्च श्लो  क्ष

9.1 त्र ऋ 

10.1 谷 金 食

11.1 爿= च ज ञ 

क्क क्ख क्ग क्घ क्च क्छ क्ज क्झ क्ट क्ठ क्ड क्ढ क्ण क्त क्थ क्द क्ध क्न क्प क्फ क्ब क्भ क्म क्य क्र क्ल क्व क्श क्ष क्ष क्स क्ह

ख्क ख्ख ख्ग ख्घ ख्च ख्छ ख्ज ख्झ ख्ट ख्ठ ख्ड ख्ढ ख्ण ख्त ख्थ ख्द ख्ध ख्न ख्प ख्फ ख्ब ख्भ ख्म ख्य ख्र ख्ल ख्व ख्श ख्ष ख्स ख्ह

ग्क ग्ख ग्घ ग्ग ग्च  ग्छ ग्ज ग्झ ग्ट ग्ठ ग्ड ग्ढ ग्ण ग्त ग्थ ग्द ग्ध ग्न ग्प ग्फ ग्ब ग्भ ग्म ग्य ग्र ग्ल ग्व ग्श ग्ष ग्स ग्ह

घ्क घ्ख घ्ग घ्घ घ्च घ्छ घ्ज घ्झ घ्ट घ्ठ घ्ड घ्ड घ्ढ घ्ण घ्त घ्थ घ्द घ्ध घ्न घ्प घ्फ घ्ब घ्भ घ्म घ्य घ्र घ्ल घ्व घ्श घ्ष घ्स घ्ह

च्क च्ख च्ग च्घ च्च च्छ च्ज च्झ च्ट च्ठ च्ड च्ढ च्ण च्त च्थ च्द च्ध च्न च्प च्फ च्ब च्भ च्म च्य च्र च्ल च्व च्श च्ष च्ह

छ छ्क छ्ख छ्ग छ्घ छ्च छ्छ छ्ज छ्ठ

ज्क ज्ख ज्ग ज्ञ ज्छ ज्च ज्ठ ज्ड

ट ट्क ट्ख ट्ग ट्घ ट्ङ ट्ठ ट्ड ट्ट

ठ ठ्क ठ्ट ठ्ठ

ढ   ढ्ढ

ण ण्ग ण्ण

द  द्घ द्द द्ध द्ब द्भ द्म द्य द्र द्ल द्व

न न्क न्न न्छ न्ज न्ण न्फ न्प न्य

र  र्क र्ख र्ग र्घ र्र र्ल

ल ल्न ल्क

व व्द व्ठ

 

त्क त्ख त्ग त्घ त्च त्छ त्ज त्झ त्ट त्ठ त्ड त्ढ त्ण त्त त्थ त्द त्ध त्न त्प त्फ त्ब त्भ त्म त्य त्र त्ल त्व त्श त्ष त्स त्ह

overall logogram collection 1

 

← वाम-पक्ष ,उल्टी ओर,उलटा हाथ ,se
⇤ अभिवर्तन (abhi + vartan) = adduction (ad)
↤ अपावर्तन (ap + vartan) (ab-away)
→ दायां भाग ,सीधे
↑ upar
↓ neeche
⇈ – saath saath upar jaana
⇉ – saath saath idhar ya udhar jaana
⇊ – saath saath neeche jaana
↔ – daayein aur baayein donon oor jaana
↖ – उत्तर पश्चिम
↗ – उत्तर पूरब
↘ – दक्षिण पूरब
↙ – दक्षिण पश्चिम
↶ – प्रति-घटि –
↷ – दक्षिण वर्त
⇜ – टेढ़ी मेढ़ी
⥹ –
⤧ – तिरछा
⤝ – baayein oor le jaana (
⟴ – से ,में, पर से
⟳ – परिक्रम करना ,परिक्रमा, परिपथ (pari + )
⤓ – इधर, यहाँ , इस स्थान पर
↸ – वहां ,
⇠ – धीरे-धीरे, शनैः शनैः
⇻ –
⬓ – अर्ध (semi)
।- दंड
॥- double danda
⊡ – में
⊙ – के अंदर
उदत्त –
अनुदत्त –

knowledge(ज्ञ ) + circle = perception
knowlege + square = memory
knowledge + circle + slash = hallucination
knowledge + square + slash = amnesia
knowledge + circle +
knowledge + arrow out = speech
knowledge + arrow in = hearing
knowledge + circle + k =
knowledge + away arrow + edge or dhaarana or flow(squiggle arrow) = concept (avadhaarana)
knowledge + semicircle = thought
knowedge + knowledge = concept or cognition
knowledge + towards arrow + square = abhigyaan (recognition)
knowledge + far + speech = telephone
knowledge + far + vision = doordarshan

dia(through ) + gnosis (knowledge) = finding the disease
pro(before) + gnosis (knowledge) = what will happen after

 

vertical(ortho) + to write (graphein) = orthography

blood vessel + to write (graphy) = angiography

person + to write = writer or author

letter + man = postman

organ + ectomy (to cut ) = organectomy

organ + graphy(to write)  = organography

organ + megaly (big size) = organomegaly

organ + scope (to view) = organoscope

organ + effusion(accumulation of fluid )  = organoeffusion

organ or object + flow = organorrhea(rhinorrea,menorrhagia,hemorrhage)

Tubular organ + dilatation

organ + abnormal mass = tumour,polyp,cele or cyst ,oedema ….

 

 

head ⽬+ skeleton 天 = brain
head + circle + dot at top = eye open
head + circle at middle = nose
head + circle at middle + dot = breathing
head + circle at middle without dot = exhalation
head + circle at bottom = mouth
head + circle without dot = sleep
body ⽥ + skeleton 天 = chest
body + skeleton 天 = abdomen
body + skeleton 天 + locus = organ
brain ⽬ + arrows = nerves
brain ⽬ + arrows + direction (to and from) =
brain ⽬ + arrows + direction + number
kram (sequence) + circle = parikram
kram(sequence)  + tail = anukram
kram (sequence) + head = karyakram
u + loop =
क k = cell
k(cell)  + k(cell)  = tissue
k + k with updouble k + down double k = organ
k + circle = vaayukosh or nephron or open ended circle = functional unit
क k + downhook = (parasite – sporozoa)
क k + downcircle = cocci
क k + downsquare = rod bacteria
क k + downspline = flagellates
क k + downcloudshape = amoeba
क k + semicircle = extracellular fluid
k(cell)  + closed circle = blood or plasma
k(cell)  + questionmark = tumor
k(cell)  + arrow against = anti
k(cell)  + bidirectional arrow + k = fight or immunity
k(cell)  + triangle = immune cells ..
k (cell) + right angled triangle =
k + left angled triangle =
k + square =
ष + double slash = doublestranded enveloped
ष + without topline = non enveloped
ष + withouttopline + doubleslash = doublestranded nonenveloped
ष + downserpentile = herpesvirus
ष + downcirclewithdot = gladvirus

kalp + circle = parikalpana or hypothesia
kalpana = imagination
kampan = tremors
kampan + circle = parikampi
kampan + tail = anukampi (sympathetic system)
kampan + tail + circle = paranukampi (parasympathetic system)
प्र – topline = cross
प्र + above dot = carbon (prangaar)
प्र + above doubleslash = bhasvar or phosporus
प्र + above “+” = therapy
प्र + closed circle = plasma
प्र + above “+” + closed circle = drug or vehicle or infusion
प्र + half circle = fluid infusion
प्र +
hexagon shape + प्र = glucose
rectangular shape + प्र = amino acids
oval shape + प्र = fattyacids
hexagon + प्र + downup arrow = gluconeogenesis
paar + प्र = carrier

man + postures =
man + face to ground = earth
man + face forward = front
man +
leg + arrow out/down = motor
leg + arrow in/up = sensory/sensor/environment or consciousness
leg + arrow bidirectional = unconscious movement or learning
leg + arrow + picture = animation
hand + arrow out/down = work
hand + arrow in/up = take
hand + bidirectional = reflex

neck + arrow down = food and air
neck + arrow up and down(bidirectional) = vessels and nerves
neck +
kaam + bottomupward arrow = estrogen or gen…
kaam + circle = ovulation or ova
kaam + open circle = menstruation
kaam +

garbh + circle = uterus
garbh = pregnancy
garbh + slash = abortion
garbh +
ji(emotions or feeling) + downarrow = depression
ji (emotions or feeling) + upward = anxiety
paar (trans) + vahan = transport
box + sha + ta(legs) = criminal
yahan aur wahan — chemotaxis (from here to there) …
bent arrow –corner arrow for there
downarrow – here
man + man = people
man + man + stairs = heirarchy
man + sick posture (shavaasana) … being in shavaasana for long time
man + sick
probability = reverse namaha
sa + upline and downline =
ha + semicircle = homeostasis
Mouth + ear = language
animal(jiv) + feeling(ji) = pet
hand(hasth) + thing(vastu) = tool
tree(vruksha or paudha) + flower (phool) = park
person(aadmi) + shelter = family (parivaar)
house + inside + house = apartment
house + many + person = residential apartment
house + cloth = tent
house + eye = theatre
house + music = concert hall
room + to eat (mouth) = dining room
room that opens on to street + business = store or shop
room that opens on to street + food = restaurant
room + water + down = shower
room + activity + healthy = gym
room + work + pencil = office
room + chair = lounge or waiting room
room + to sleep = bedroom
house + extended earthline + pointer = street

 

TO DESCRIBE THE NUMBER OF OBJECTS OR A GROUP OF THINGS 

atom + atom = molecule

cell + cell = tissue
person + person = people /population
tree + tree = forest
flower + flower = boquet /vase
thing + thing = machine
river + river = ocean
happy + happy = anxiety
sad + sad = depression
love + love = overlove

 

BASED ON PLACE OF LIVING

animal + house = forest

bird + house = nest

lion + house = cave

man + house = village
Fish + house with water = aquarium